Home Contact us Help Free delivery worldwide. Free delivery worldwide. Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Propositions are normally taken to be the contents of assertions and other speech acts, and are thought to be true or false only with respect to possible worlds. Prior, Kaplan and Lewis developed logic and semantic frameworks that expanded the normal relativization of truth to possible worlds to other parameters, for instance to times, places or individuals.
The book in fact offers the reader the opportunity to become acquainted with some of the main positions within this debate, and with some other interestingly related views in the philosophy of language and mind, as it offers throughout very detailed overviews and discussions of some of the relevant literature. Perspectival Thought has ah unusual structural organization. It consists of three books, divided in eleven parts altogether, and each in very short chapters.
Book I, "Moderate Relativism", describes the core of SMR, from the framework and its background, to the classical discussion over temporalism, and to two alternative frameworks within which to treat circumstance-relativity: either a Lewisian or a Kaplanian one. Recanati proposes to defend a Kaplanian framework, arguing for the existence of three levels of content: the invariant linguistic meaning of sentence types, the context-dependent explicit content of interpreted sentences in contexts--the lekton--and the complete truth-conditional propositional content.
In the last part of the book, Recanatidiscusses the special freedom we have, in discourse and thought, to shift the situation of evaluation. He traces that freeedom to a special mode the anaphoric mode which enables us to go beyond the egocentric stage of pre-human thought.
Guide Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism
The framework1. The distribution of content2. Radical vs Moderate Relativism3. Two levels of content4. Branch points for Moderate Relativism2.
The debate over temporalism 1 : Do we need temporal propositions? Modal vs extensional treatments of tense6.
Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism
What is at stake? Modal and temporal innocence8.
Temporal operators and temporal propositions in an extensional framework3. The debate over temporalism 2 : Can we believe temporal propositions? An epistemic argument against temporalism Rebutting Richard's argument Relativistic disagreement4.
Relativization and indexicality Index, context, and content The two-stage picture : Lewis vs Kaplan and Stalnaker Rescuing the two-stage picture Content and mode Duality and the fallacy of misplaced information The content of perceptual judgments Episodic memory6. Immunity to error through misidentification Implicit self-reference Weak and strong immunity Quasi-perception and quasi-memory Reflexive states7.
Relativization and reflexivity The alleged reflexivity of de se thoughts Reflexivity : internal or external? What is wrong with Reflexivism8. The first person point of view De se thoughts and subjectivity Memory and the imagination Imagination and the self Unarticulated constituents in the lekton?
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The context-dependence of the lekton : how far can we go? Unarticulatedness and the 'concerning' relation Three alleged arguments for the Externality Principle Self-relative thoughts The problem of the essential indexical Perry against relativized propositions Basic and nonbasic de se thoughts The Generalized Reflexive Constraint