James is located just in the center of this square. The surrounding buildings are examples of different architectural styles. At the West, the Rajoy Palace, which serves as the current city hall.
At the North, the Catholic Kings Hostal, a plateresque building destinated to host the pilgrims. This Cathedral has so many examples of different architectural styles that it would be impossible to reflect here everything. For a better idea of what this Cathedral means for the art and the Catholic religion, visit this link of the Wikipedia . The tomb of Santiago "Saint James" is located under the Cathedral, and there's the possibility to visit its tomb and even hug the sculpture that represents the saint.
On regular occasions the church shows its "Botafumeiro", a huge solid silver incense burner which is swung from the ceiling of the church by a team of energetic men "tiraboleiros" hauling on ropes. Originally it was a hospital built after the visit of the catholic Kings to Santiago in , to attend the pilgrims. With the years, the Catholic Kings ordered the built of a big hostel with the money they had earned with the conquest of Granada.
To watch the pilgrims completing the Camino de Santiago
Its style is Plateresque. At its front, two coats of arms of Castilla can be seen. Building of the XVIII century, it was built to host the city council, a jail, a seminary and the residence for the children of the choir. It was built under the classic canons. At the top, there's a sculpture of St.
James riding his horse and fighting with the Arabs. Its front has a Romanesque style. It's a great example of the Romanesque civil architecture. This is the square situated at the other side of the Cathedral. It's divided in two, Quintana dos Mortos , just until the staircase and Quintana dos Vivos , the upper side. In the past it served as cementery and market.
There's a legend that tells that if you're at this square alone at midnight, you will be able to see all the deads there buried. Close to the Quintana, it has a well-known fountain and it offers one of the best sights of the Cathedral. Benedictine monastery of the XI century. The current building is baroque.
It's one of the most emblematic buildings of all the city. It's situated in the Praza da Inmaculada. The second most visited monument. This market is the typical Galician market and one of the biggest all over Spain. It's the perfect place to buy some fresh seafood, vegetables and meat. Eisenman's ambitious project in the outskirts of Santiago. Yet to be finished, but impressing especially for those interested in architecture.
It consists of a museum, a library, cafeteria and archives, which are all open and functioning at present. Buses run every hour line 9 from the centre of the city.
The Camino de Santiago: Timing Your Trip
Guided tours are available for free. Cidade da Cultura. The town is now a very important center for pilgrims. You can find all sorts of souvenirs related to "the camino": walking sticks, the typical water-bottles, and the shells that are typical for the camino. Also you can buy typical sweets and drinks in many shops at the Zona Vella Old District.
Also in the Old District you can find many jewellery shops where to buy typical jewels made of silver and jet, many of them of celtic inspiration. If you want to buy clothes, move to the Zona Nova New District and visit the stores that are all over these district. Here you can find Zara, Bershka, Pepe Jeans There are two shopping centers in the city. Galicia is known for "Pulpo" or cooked octopus.
In general there are a lot of restaurants selling fish and seafood suitable for all budgets. The local cheeses should also be sampled, as well as delicious cakes like the "Tarta de Santiago" ground almond cake with pulverized sugar on top. Expect long queues at popular pilgrim eating places. For a quiet beer and a couple of tapas on the Old District there are several places where you can sit in terraces when the weather is nice or inside where it's rainy or cold.
Later in the evening, there are several places to go because Santiago de Compostela is a city with a very interesting nightlife. If you want some beers or cocktails to begin the night, try Nido del Cuco or Momo , both at Virxe da Cerca. The last one, Momo , during the summer season has a big and nice garden and during the winter it has performances of singer-songwriters. To continue the night, Santiago has many pubs where drink and dance different kinds of music. The following ones are only examples of the great variety you can find in Santiago.
On the Old District :.
Just outside of Santiago is a small town called "Monte do Gozo". Some Pilgrims stop there before entering the city. It's a huge center and has almost beds. There is a frequent bus line that will take you to walking distance of the town center. It is owned by the Paradores group, a large hotel-chain which operates hotels exclusively in historic buildings. It's just a few blocks away from the train station. It is an easy two-minute walk from the cathedral. Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!
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Santiago de Compostela Contents 1 Understand 1. Understand [ edit ] History [ edit ] Santiago de Compostela was originally founded by the Suebi in the early s, as part of the collapse of the Roman Empire. Cathedral Santiago de Compostela was captured by the French during the Napoleonic War and its capture broke the spirits of the many Spanish guerillas who were fighting the mighty invading armies of Marshals' Soult, Victor, Massena and Napoleon's brother, the new King of Spain, Joseph Bonaparte called Pepe Botella by the Spanish resistance.
Santiago de Compostela today [ edit ] With a population of about 96, inhabitants, it's one of the most important cities of Galicia and the most touristic of them, receiving thousands of visitors every year, many of them attracted to the ancient history and the religious tradition.
Climate [ edit ] The climate of Santiago is typical of the Spanish Atlantic coast: oceanic with a large amount of precipitation. Get in [ edit ] The most common way of getting to Santiago is by walking see the Way of St. You can get to Santiago by bus from several places: From cities and towns of Galicia , try Arriva  or Monbus . Unfortunately, the last link is only available in Spanish.
From other parts of Spain , try Alsa  , one of the most important bus companies of Spain.
Talk [ edit ] In the parts of the city most frequented by tourists, it's easy to find someone that speaks English or even French, Italian or German. See [ edit ] [ add listing ] Praza do Obradoiro [ edit ] Praza do Obradoiro is the heart of the city, and it's named after the workshop of the stonemasons that was established during the construction of the Cathedral Obradoiro is the Galician word for workshop. In center of Praza do Obradoiro Catedral Santiago de Compostela Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela [ edit ] This Cathedral has so many examples of different architectural styles that it would be impossible to reflect here everything.
Palacio de Raxoi Rajoy palace [ edit ] Building of the XVIII century, it was built to host the city council, a jail, a seminary and the residence for the children of the choir. Praza da Quintana Quintana Square [ edit ] This is the square situated at the other side of the Cathedral. Praza de Abastos City Market [ edit ] The second most visited monument.
Cidade da Cultura City of Culture [ edit ] Eisenman's ambitious project in the outskirts of Santiago. Cidade da Cultura Museums [ edit ] The city has also several museums that are worth the visit. James' Day and August 15th. His bones had been taken to Spain, where, according to legend , he had formerly evangelized. The discovery of the relics provided a rallying point for Christian Spain, then confined to a narrow strip of the northern Iberian Peninsula most of the remainder of which was occupied by Moors.
Alfonso II of Asturias built a church over the tomb, which Alfonso III replaced by a larger structure, and during the Middle Ages the town that grew up around it became the most important Christian place of pilgrimage after Jerusalem and Rome. This Romanesque building, located at the east end of the Plaza del Obradoiro, has a Baroque west facade the Obradoiro built —50 by Fernando Casas y Novoa. To the north of the Plaza del Obradoiro is the Royal Hospital now a hotel , which was built in —11 by Enrique de Egas to receive pilgrims.
The Monastery of San Francisco was supposedly founded by St. Francis of Assisi when he made a pilgrimage to Santiago in The Route of Santiago de Compostela, designated a World Heritage site in , was a series of roads through France and Spain that converged on the city; the route was traveled each year throughout the Middle Ages by thousands of pilgrims.